TITLE: Urologic changes after cauda equina compression in dogs.
AUTHORS: Bodner DR; Delamarter RB; Bohlman HH; Witcher M, Biro C; Resnick MI
ABSTRACT: Relative degrees (25%, 50% or 75%) of constriction of the entire cauda equina at the seventh lumbar level were performed on eighteen pure bred female beagle hounds by surgically implanting a circular polyethylene loop with an imbedded stainless steel wire. The wire was mechanically constricted by external control and the degree of compression was confirmed by pre- and postoperative magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography scanning. A control group of two dogs had laminectomy only. Neurologic function was evaluated daily. Cystometrics were performed on each dog after constriction had been present for three months. Cortical evoked potentials (CEPs) were obtained on all dogs preoperatively, immediately following constriction and at monthly intervals for three months. Dogs were sacrificed at three months and the cauda equina and spinal cord were examined histopathologically. Cystometric tracings were noted to become a flat line with 75% compression of the cord. Less compression had minimal effect on the cystometric curves. The mean latency, determined by cortical evoked potentials, was noted to increase by 3.2%, 7.8%, and 17.2% immediately after 25%, 50% and 75% constriction, respectively. Histologic changes ranged from occasional enlargement of the axons on the periphery of the cauda equina with 25% constriction to severe loss of all axons and atrophic roots at the level of the constricting band with 75% constriction.
SOURCE: J Urol 1990 Jan;143(1):186-90